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Motivational Interviewing and Relapse Prevention for DWI: A Pilot Study

Stein, L.A.R., Lebeau-Craven, R. (2002). Motivational Interviewing and Relapse Prevention for DWI: A Pilot Study. Journal of Drug Issues, 1051-1070.

Driving while impaired is a serious national health problem, and there is a need to develop effective treatments for persons arrested for Driving While Intoxicated (DWI). Motivation for changing substance use behaviors may be critical for avoiding further infractions. Once motivated, the client may more readily develop skills that enhance efficacy to cope with situations leading to DWI. Motivational Interviewing (MI: Miller & Rollnick, 1991) was delivered to DWI-involved clients to enhance motivation to change. It was followed by Relapse Prevention (RPl Marlatt & Gordon, 1985) to develop coping skills, and showed general improvement at the end of the four-week treatment. This pilot study (N=25) indicates that more well controlled clinical trials are warranted to study the effectiveness of MI/RP in treating persons engaged in DWI.